European Institute Abu Qir Bay Franck Goddio City Cities Heracleion
- Thonis-Heracleion, Alexandria, Meroë, and Jenne-Jeno were once centers of sophistication and wealth, but their fortunes waned over time. Although their ancient splendors disappeared from sight, archaeology is now revealing their glorious pasts. The massive monuments of Giza and the glorious temples of Thebes bear witness to the greatness of the African cities that built them. But other ancient places in Africa rivaled their greatness, yet traces of these magnificent urban centers have been ... [Read More]

Inequality Societies Population Instance Status Wealth
- Inequality affected some ancient societies, but not all. Changes in farming – and the animals used in it – might have been a factor which caused it to spiral. 26 November 1922 marks what is arguably the most famous discovery in the history of archaeology. On that day, the British Egyptologist Howard Carter made a small hole through which he could insert a candle in the sealed doorway of Tutankhamun's burial chamber and thus lit the interior. As his eyes slowly adapted to the ... [Read More]


Iron King Tut's Dagger Gold Lapis Lazuli Researchers
- The weapon, forged from an iron meteorite, may have come from beyond ancient Egypt’s borders. When archaeologists peered inside Tutankhamun’s tomb for the first time in the early 1920s, they found antechambers packed to the brim with thousands of artifacts: statues, furniture, jewelry, clothes, chariots, paintings. Among these possessions was an iron dagger — just over one foot in length and crafted from an iron meteorite — that would puzzle researchers for nearly a century. It's easy ... [Read More]

Tomb King Teti Reliefs Royal Chancellery Western Wall Kamil O Kuraszkiewicz
- The unfinished decoration suggests he died before the tomb was completed. Researchers working in the ancient Egyptian necropolis of Saqqara have uncovered a previously unknown tomb of a high-ranking dignitary dating back more than four thousand years. The team from the Polish Center of Mediterranean Archaeology at the University of Warsaw hit upon the tomb while exploring a dry moat surrounding the Step Pyramid of Djoser, the central structure within the vast mortuary complex. The deceased’s ... [Read More]

Genomes Europe Scientists Populations Humans Team
- Scientists have explored the importance of sea travel in prehistory by examining the genomes of ancient Maltese humans and comparing these with the genomes of this period from across Europe. Previous findings from the archaeological team had suggested that towards the end of the third millennium BC the use of the Maltese temples declined. Now, using genetic data from ancient Maltese individuals the current interdisciplinary research team has suggested a potential contributing cause. Researchers ... [Read More]

Denisovans Southeast Asia Tooth Species Dna Laos Cave
- Researchers believe the discovery in a Laos cave proves that Denisovans lived in the warm tropics of southeast Asia Last modified on Tue 17 May 2022 19.02 EDT A child’s tooth at least 130,000 years old found in a Laos cave could help scientists uncover more information about an early human cousin, according to a new study. Researchers believe the discovery proves that Denisovans – a now-extinct branch of humanity – lived in the warm tropics of southeast Asia. Very little is known about ... [Read More]

Women Men Age Years Powerful Men Burial
- When a massive longship was unearthed in Norway more than 100 years ago, its occupants were expected to be powerful men. Instead, the richest grave site of Viking Age belonged to two women, whose identities remain unknown. Vikings are often depicted as warmongering seafarers from Scandinavia, men who set out on expeditions to plunder distant lands. The lives of women of the Viking age factor less into the fantasy; many imagine them at home, tending to their lands, children, and elderly while ... [Read More]

Pyramid Pyramids Chamber Giza Khufu's Feet
- These ancient Egyptian monuments are still a source of speculation and debate. Constructed in the 26th and 25th centuries B.C. (roughly 2600 B.C. – 2400 B.C.), the Egyptian pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, built in that order, are a testament to ancient planning and engineering. The precise years that they were built is somewhat unclear, as those dates depend on when exactly the pharaohs who built them reigned, which is a subject of debate among scholars. For instance, the Metropolitan ... [Read More]

Site Temple Tourism Pelusium Egyptian Ministry Antiquities
- The ruins were unearthed at Tell el-Farma - an archaeological area in the northwest of the peninsula - said the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. The site - also referred to as Pelusium, its bygone name - dates to the later Pharaonic period. It was additionally used in Greco-Roman and in Byzantine times and boasts remains dating back to the Christian and the early Islamic time periods. The secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt, Mostafa Waziri, said the ... [Read More]