Archaeology


Languages Language Iberian Peninsula Researchers Words Inscription
- An inscription carved into a 2,100-year-old hand-shaped amulet from northeastern Spain seems to be related to Basque and may be a rare example of an ancient language spoken in Europe more than 5,000 years ago. In a new study, published Tuesday (Feb. 20) in the journal Antiquity , researchers revealed that the inscription is the oldest and longest ever found in a Vasconic language, a group of languages that includes modern Basque. Until now, the only known ancient Vasconic texts were mainly from ... [Read More]


Snake Taoyuan City's Guanyin District Taiwan's Northwest Coast University's Facebook Heritage Daily Tsing Hua University
- Archaeologists from Taiwan 's National Tsing Hua University have discovered a 4,000-year-old snake made of ceramic that experts believe may have been used in prehistoric rituals,  Newsweek   reports. The artifact, which may have been the handle to a ceramic pot, appears to represent the Taiwan Cobra, which, according to  Heritage Daily , " is the only species of cobra from the family Elapidae native to Taiwan." The discovery announcement was first made via the university's ... [Read More]

Source: artnews.com

Hunting Blinkerwall Ancient Lake Landscape Evidence People
- Archaeologists have identified what may be Europe's oldest human-made megastructure , submerged 21 meters below the Baltic Sea in the Bay of Mecklenburg, Germany. This structure—which has been named the Blinkerwall—is a continuous low wall made from over 1,500 granite stones that runs for almost a kilometer. The evidence suggests it was constructed by Paleolithic people between 11,700 and 9,900 years ago, probably as an aid for hunting reindeer. The archaeologists investigating the ... [Read More]

Source: phys.org

Nicopolis Ad Istrum Veliko Tarnovo Graves Asia Minor Museum Chakarov
- Two large graves discovered in northern Bulgaria likely tell "a sad family story" about wealthy Roman landowners whose child predeceased them in the third century A.D., archaeologists say. In December 2023, a farmer unexpectedly found the graves while plowing his field in the village of Nova Varbovka. Because this region was a Roman province called Moesia in antiquity, archaeologists from the Veliko Tarnovo Regional Museum of History came to excavate the graves. Both graves were built of brick, ... [Read More]


Tools Stone Age Humans Stone Age Technology
- Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University embarked on a unique exploration of the Stone Age , expanding our knowledge of the evolution of human tool use and woodworking technology. By meticulously crafting and employing replica stone age tools for various tasks, the team, led by Assistant Professor Akira Iwase, has unveiled how different activities leave distinct traces on tool edges . This research enhances our understanding of ancient tools and paves the way for identifying the advent of ... [Read More]

Source: earth.com

Mummification Egyptians Buckley Ancient Egyptians B C Egypt Start
- Ancient Egyptians are perhaps best known for the way they treated the dead — from constructing colossal pyramids to filling subterranean tombs with lavish treasures and artifacts. The Egyptians also famously mummified many of the recently deceased to preserve their bodies. But when did people in ancient Egypt start mummifying their dead? "The origins of Egyptian mummification, for which there is clear scientific evidence, is [circa] 4,300 B.C.," Stephen Buckley , a researcher at the ... [Read More]


Man Perthshire Years Age Life Analysis
- Dramatic reconstructions of local people who lived up to 4,000 years ago will go on display thanks to advanced DNA techniques A Bronze Age woman who suffered lower back pain 4,000 years ago and an Iron Age Pictish man who lived a life of hard labour 1,500 years ago are among our ancient ancestors who have been brought to life in dramatic facial reconstructions. Cutting-edge technology will enable visitors to Scotland's new Perth Museum to come face to face with four individuals from our past in ... [Read More]


Bead Clovis Bone Researchers People Site
- Archaeologists in Wyoming have discovered the oldest known bead in the Western Hemisphere: a nearly 13,000-year-old bone ornament crafted by the prehistoric Clovis people. The tubular, 0.3-inch-long (7 millimeters) polished bead has several grooves and was crafted from the bone of a hare, according to the researchers. The bead's slight red color might be from the surrounding reddish iron oxide-rich soil, they noted. The researchers found the bead near the remains of a prehistoric hearth along ... [Read More]


Philip Ii Tomb Science Study Alexander Iv Tomb Ii
- New claim about Alexander the Great says he was not the real founder of the Egyptian city of Alexandria Alexander the Great's father's remains have been identified in a Greek tomb using X-ray analysis, a new study says.  The new international — yet controversial study — states that archaeologists previously had the wrong tomb identified in Vergina, Greece, as containing Alexander the Great's father, Philip II of Macedon, according to Live Science.  The site ... [Read More]

Source: foxnews.com

Base Roman Legionary Israel Statement Building Archaeologists
- Archaeologists have discovered the remnants of a massive 1,800-year-old Roman legionary base that is the only one of its size and caliber ever found in Israel. Located near Tel Megiddo, a national park and the site of the ancient city of Megiddo (also known as Armageddon ) in northern Israel, the "Iron Legion" camp once housed more than 5,000 soldiers and was used as a strategic military base for the Romans , according to a statement by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA). The Roman ... [Read More]


Study Farmers Years Denmark Population Culture
- Hunter-gatherers in what's now Denmark were wiped out within a few generations of the arrival of the first farmers in the region around 5,900 years ago, a new study finds. But these farmers were the new top dogs for only about a millennium — about 4,850 years ago, immigrants of Eastern Steppe ancestry largely wiped them out, according to a DNA analysis of prehistoric human remains. The research shows that there were two almost-complete population turnovers in Denmark in the past 7,300 ... [Read More]


Tomb Luxor's West Bank Neferhotep Kings Temple Chamber Housing King Ay
- In a blend of dreamy Egyptian adventure and archaeological triumph, Egypt has unveiled a new treasure to the world by opening the restored tomb of Amun's scribe, Neferhotep, in Luxor . This remarkable attraction invites travellers to step back 3300 years and explore the intricacies of ancient Egyptian civilization, now revived from centuries of decay. Al-Khokha area on Luxor's West Bank, a site rich with history from both the Old Kingdom and the New Kingdom eras, Neferhotep's tomb (TT49) sits ... [Read More]


Rock Art Cave Art Cave South America Study Art
- A gallery's worth of rock art decorating the inside of a cave in Argentina is several millennia older than once thought and contains hundreds of drawings that span 100 generations. At one time, archaeologists dated the art — located in Patagonia, a region in South America's southern tip — as being only several thousand years old. But a new analysis has revealed that some of the works actually date to as early as 8,200 years ago and were created during the late Holocene epoch (11,700 ... [Read More]


Scarab Israel Antiquities Authority Avrahamov Site
- A hiker in Israel discovered a centuries-old amulet in a nature reserve, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced Monday. The hiker, identified by the authority as 45-year-old Israel Defense Forces reservist Erez Avrahamov, found the amulet in the Tabor Stream Nature Reserve in Lower Galilee. Avrahamov said he decided to hike in the area because he had some time off from reserve service and wanted to take advantage of sunny weather.  "While walking, I saw something shiny on the ground, ... [Read More]

Source: cbsnews.com

Egg Oxford Archaeology Eggs Bbc News Roman Era Pit
- A three-dimensional scan of a 1,700-year-old egg discovered at a Roman site in England reveals that, eggs-traordinarily, it still has the remains of a yolk and egg white inside. It's thought to be the only time a centuries-old chicken egg found with its insides preserved. "We were absolutely blown away when we saw the contents in there, as we might have expected them to have leached out," Edward Biddulph , a senior project manager at the private company Oxford Archaeology, told BBC News . The ... [Read More]


Hieroglyphs Cuneiform Egypt Van De Mieroop System Mesopotamia
- For thousands of years, the ancient Egyptians inscribed hieroglyphs on tombs, papyri and, in some cases, pyramids. But when were hieroglyphs invented? Research shows that they emerged about 5,200 years ago, at around the same time another writing system, called cuneiform, was being invented in Mesopotamia . "German excavations at Abydos in Egypt have revealed hieroglyphic inscriptions from [circa] 3200 BC," James Allen , a professor emeritus of Egyptology at Brown University, told Live Science ... [Read More]