Archaeology


- Archaeologists have uncovered two rock-cut chambers in the House of the Muses in the ancient city of Zeugma in southeastern Turkey, the Hurriyet Daily News reports. Zeugma is an ancient Hellenistic and Roman city known for its intricate mosaics , which have been almost perfectly preserved for 2,000 years. It is home to the largest mosaic collection in the world, with a dedicated institution, the Zeugma Mosaic Museum. The rooms are the latest discovery in excavations, which have been ongoing ... [Read More]

Source: artnews.com

- The woman likely died in childbirth. During the Bronze Age, a pregnant woman carrying twins in what is now Hungary met a tragic end, dying either just before or during childbirth, according to a new study about her burial. The woman and her twins were cremated and buried in an urn with lavish grave goods: a bronze neck ring, a gold hair ring and bone pins or needles, indicating that the woman was an elite individual, the researchers said. Moreover, a chemical analysis of the woman's teeth and ... [Read More]


- Archaeologists have discovered the 2,200-year-old wreck of an ancient Egyptian ship that sank after being struck with giant blocks from the famous temple of Amun. The so-called galley, along with a burial ground, were discovered beneath the Mediterranean Sea in Thonis-Heracleion, a city that fell into the water long ago. The ship is called a fast galley, a type of vessel with a large sail that would have been propelled to relatively high speeds by a team of oarsmen. The recently discovered fast ... [Read More]


- The script found on the insides of ancient Egyptian temples, monuments and tombs represents a complex remnant of history. The script found on the insides of ancient Egyptian temples, monuments and tombs represents a complex remnant of history. Next to the pyramids, the Sphinx and mummies, one of the most intriguing discoveries from ancient Egyptian civilization is a form of writing that appears like stylized pictures of people, animals and objects. Hieroglyphic writing, whose name comes from ... [Read More]

Source: history.com

- Archaeology Tunnel Discovered With Aztec Carvings Will Be Reburied After Museum Loses Funding The mysterious tunnel, found near Mexico City, made headlines in 2019, but now a local museum doesn’t think it can fund an exhibit. In October 2019, Mexican archaeologists found intriguing reliefs carved around a sluice gate of a 2.5-mile-long, 400-year-old tunnel under the outskirts of Mexico City. But now, the museum that orchestrated the dig says the archaeologists will need to cover up the ... [Read More]

Source: gizmodo.com

- The city was rediscovered by underwater archaeologists in 2001. Divers have discovered a rare military vessel amid the sunken ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of Thônis-Heracleion. Measuring over 80 feet long, the flat-bottomed ship had both oars and a large sail. While built in the classical Greek style, it also incorporates some Egyptian shipbuilding traditions. The vessel was likely sunk when the nearby Temple of Amun collapsed; the remains were discovered beneath 15 feet of clay and ... [Read More]


- Archaeologists have uncovered a missing section of Jerusalem ’s original Iron Age fortifications that were built at least 2,700 years ago. Most of the wall would have been destroyed during a Babylonian invasion in 586 B.C.E., according to the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), which announced the discovery this week. A wall segment on the eastern slope of the City of David National Park, dating to the First Temple period (roughly the 8th century B.C.E.), was discovered last week in an ... [Read More]

Source: artnews.com

- Inside the tunnels beneath the Western Wall in Israel , archaeologists have uncovered the final parts of an elaborate building that may have been used as a reception area for members of Jerusalem's local council and their guests on their journey to Temple Mount. The building consists of two hallways that were connected by a fountain fed by lead pipes located at the top of Corinthian-style columns, Shlomit Weksler-Bdolach, an archaeologist with the Israel Antiquities Authority, said in a video ... [Read More]


- Two coins minted about 70 years apart by Jewish rebels during two separate revolts against the Roman Empire have been discovered in the West Bank. The coins may offer insight to what happened during the Bar Kochba revolt against the Romans, researchers say. One of the coins, minted in A.D. 67-68, depicts a vine leaf and a Hebrew inscription that translates to "the freedom of Zion" on one side, while the other side shows an amphora with two handles and a Hebrew inscription that translates to ... [Read More]


- Erosion threatens to destroy the historic burial ground at Whitesands Beach in Pembrokeshire Archaeologists surveying Whitesands Beach in Pembrokeshire, Wales, have exhumed almost 200 skeletons dated to the medieval era. As BBC News reports, the western Welsh beach’s sandy shores ensured the remains’ preservation. Upon the dig’s conclusion, the bodies will be stored at the National Museum of Wales . "It’s really important because the preservation of the bones, as they are in sand, is ... [Read More]


- Even the sediment in the floor of Denisova Cave has a story to tell. At various points in the last 300,000 years, Denisova Cave has sheltered three different species of hominins. But with fossils from only eight individuals—four Denisovans, three Neanderthals, and the daughter of a Neanderthal/Denisovan pairing—it’s hard to tell a detailed story about when each species lived in the cave. According to a recent genetic study, however, the Denisovans were the first, arriving around 250,000 ... [Read More]


- The bones of an early human, unknown to science, who lived in the Levant at least until 130,000 years ago, were discovered in excavations at the Nesher Ramla site, near the city of Ramla. Recognizing similarity to other archaic Homo specimens from 400,000 years ago, found in Israel and Eurasia, the researchers reached the conclusion that the Nesher Ramla fossils represent a unique Middle Pleistocene population, now identified for the first time. Researchers from Tel Aviv University and the ... [Read More]


- Farmer Stumbles Onto Egyptian Pharaoh’s 2,600-Year-Old Stone Slab The large sandstone marker may be connected to a military campaign led by the 26th dynasty ruler Apries A farmer in northeastern Egypt was preparing his land for crop planting when he discovered an intricately carved sandstone slab that appears to have been installed by the pharaoh Apries 2,600 years ago. The standing stone—also known as a stele, or stela—measures 91 inches long and 41 inches wide. It features a carving of ... [Read More]